INDHOLD: Coins of the Greeks. – Invention of coinage in the 7.th century BC. – Gold and silver coinage of Croesus and the Persians. – Philip of Macedom and Celtic imitations. – Alexander The Great. – The first portrait coins. – Romans and Byzantines. – The first Roman silvercoins: The denarius. – Gods and death masks on republican coins. – Coins as a medium for propaganda. – Julius Caesar.- The reforms of Augustus. – Byzantine coinage. – Religious symbolism on coins. – European coinage in the Middle Ages. – Gold replaces bronze and silver. – The Visigoths. – Merovingian denarii. – Early Anglo-Saxon coins. – The Carolingian reform. – Offa’s pennies. – Anglo-Saxon administration. – Sterling. – Feudal issues in France. – The Crusades. – Later medieval coins of England and France. – The Renaissance and the Baroque. – Changes in techniques and design. – The Storza ducats. – Coin-portraiture of the Renassaince in Italy. – Ferdinand and Isabella. – German coins of the 16.th century. – Peter the Great of Russia. – German ingravers in Italy. – Swift and Wood’s halfpence. – The Industrial Revolution and Matthew Boulton. – Coinage transformed. – The United States dollar. – Decimilization. – Effect of machines on design. – Coins become small change. – Neo-classical coin design and the French Revolution. – Napoleonic coinage. – Some modern coins.